It is one of the most sacred Hindu temples in Nepal built in a large double roofed pagoda of brass and gilt gold; the gateway is plated with silver. There are linga images of Shiva along with statues, shrines and temples that are dedicated to other deities in the complex. A circuit of the Pashupati area takes visitors past several shrines of Hindu God and Goddess. There are several rows of Hindu pilgrims waiting for offering worship to Shiva, the Lord of Destruction. Entrance to the temple precinct is permitted to the Hindus only. However, visitors can clearly see the temple and the religious and other ritual practices performed in the temple premises from the eastern bank of the Bagmati River.
It is the largest and one of the biggest ancient Stupa in the world revered by both Tibetan and Newar Buddhist alike. Having all-seeing eyes of Lord Buddha it is 36 m high and was built in the 5th century on an octagonal base inset with Prayer wheels. At the ground level there is a brick wall with 147 niches and 108 images of Lord Buddha in meditation mood. Tibetans believe that the Stupa contains the bone relics of the past Kashyapa. Early morning and evening are the times to visit Bouddhanath to join the local residents in Kora (walking the pilgrim's circuit, sometimes with Tibetan pilgrims on their hands and knees).
One of world's most glorious, ancient, and enigmatic and the holiest of Buddhist Chaityas dating back more than 2000 years is situated on a hillock. Swayambhunath, literally "the Self-Created or Existent", is a mosaic of small stupas and pagoda temple contributed by and time by the succession of kings and noblemen. The main structure of is made of a solid hemisphere of brick and clay supporting a lofty conical spire capped by pinnacle of copper gilt. Painted on the four sides on the base of the spire are the "All Seeing Eyes" of Lord Buddha. The main features of Swayambhunath in brief are "The Five Buddhas.
This temple is one of the most ancient Hindu shrines in the Kathmandu Valley. It covers 16 hundred years of Nepalese art history. A famous place of pilgrimage Budhanilkanth lies some 9 kms north of Kathmandu at the base old Shivapuri hill. There is huge colossal image of Lord Vishnu asleep on the image of Lord Vishnu asleep on the water of a holy pond upon the bed of snakes. It is worth visiting and noteworthy to see this image floating on the water. This fifth century statue is the best example of stone sculpture of Lichchavi period. Historians are of the opinion that this temple has been in existence in the reign of King Hari Dutta of the 6th century.
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar square is a popular nine-storied palace open to visitors for its exquisite architecture and artistic embellishment. It consists of huge Royal Palace with different temples, inside as well as outside the temple dating from the 15th to the 18th century. The house of the living goddess, the ferocious Kal Bhairav, the red monkey god and hundreds of erotic carvings are a few examples of the sights at the square. All woodcarvings, statues and architecture in this area are exceptionally fine
Patan Durbar Square:
Patan Durbar square boasts of many famous sites and unique architectures. The ancient palaces, temples and shrines with exquisite carving are scattered around Patan Durbar Square. The major attractions of Patan Durbar Square are the stone temple of Lord Krishna, the Royal Bath with many carvings on stone, Viswanath temple and temple of Bhimsen with a magnificent golden balcony overlooking the square. Many other temples dedicated to Ganesh, the elephant-headed god, Shiva, Narsingh, Taleju and others are situated in the Patan Durbar Square.
Bhaktapur Durbar square:
Bhaktapur Durbar Square is one of the most charming architectural showpieces of the valley as it highlights the ancient arts of Nepal. The Square contains innumerable temples and other architectural showpieces like the Lion Gate, the statue of King Bhupatindra Malla, the Picture Gallery, the Golden Gate, the palaces of 55 windows, the Batsala temple and the bell of barking dog etc.
The temple of Changunarayan is richly decorated with sculptures and carvings and is said to be the oldest pagoda style temple in the valley. The temple, built around the 3rd century, is decorated by some of the best samples of stone, wood and metal craft in the valley. The lord residing in this place is worshipped by the Hindus as Changunarayan and by Buddhist as Hari Hari Hari Vahana Lokeswar according to Mahayana form of Buddhism. The courtyard has many other temples such as that of Kiloswar Shiva, Chhinnmasta Devi and other figures like Garuda and different images of Lord Vishnu.
It is one of the most popular mountain village resorts lies on the edge of the Kathmandu Valley rim. Located 30 km east of Kathmandu, Nagarkot is a magnificent place to spend the night and awaken to view the sun rising across the wide Himalayan range. Looking north, we see the Himalayan peaks of Dorje Lakpa and Phurbi Chyachu and further east is the spire of Chobha Bamare, the twin-peaked summits of Gaurishankar and Numbur. It is also the starting point of the valley rim trek for those who are in Nepal for a short stay.
Places to see (Outside Kathmandu Valley):
Kakani is another good location for viewing the mountain scenery. It is situated 25 km north west of Kathmandu at an altitude of 1,982 m above the sea level. The fabulous holiday area of Kakani features enchanting attractions ranging from the beautiful alpine scenery to the magnificent Himalayan panorama particularly of the Ganesh Himal Massif. Other peaks that can be closely seen from Kakani are: Gaurishankar (7,134 m), Choba Bharme (6,109 m), Manaslu (8,163 m), Himalchuli (7,893 m), Annapurna (8,091 m) and several other peaks.
This mountainous little valley is situated 200 km west of Kathmandu against the stupendous backdrop of the Annapurna Himalayas to the north. It is known by the city of lakes and popular for another tourist destination after Kathmandu. The valley is graced with glittering lakes, foaming rivers, majesty caverns and terraced fields. It is also the starting and ending transit point for many trekking routes to the Annapurna and Upper Mustang region. It is a rendezvous for many culture and adventure trekkers to experience the diverse the lifestyle of the Mountain people. Pokhara is easily accessible by road and air.
Gorkha is the birthplace of King Prithvi Narayan Shah, the Great, and the founder of modern Nepal. Situated on the hill overlooking the snowy peaks of the Himalayas is a beautiful old palace known as Gorkha Durbar. There are two attractive temples Gorakhnath and Kali inside the palace precinct. Gorkha can be reached about five hours by road from Kathmandu and four hours from Pokhara. A side trip to Manakamana temple on the way to Gorkha is very enjoyable and interesting. The world- renowned Gorkha soldiers were originally from this place.
Located on a 1000 m ridge in Tanahun district some 140 km from Kathmandu, Bandipur's hallmark is its beautiful scenery. Its medium elevation, excellent view of the Himalayas, the Marshyangdi Valley, Manakamana Hill and Gorkha Palace, relatively easy accessibility and of course, old Newari town flair, make Bandipur an interesting tourist destinations. The various Newari and Magar festivals can also be of great interest to tourists. Other attractions include the pagoda roofed Bindyashini Temple which houses goddess Durga (Bandipur's guardian deity), Raniban (Queen's Forest), a downhill trek to the Siddha Cave and a hike to Ramkot Village. The other important temples and shrines in the vicinity include the Mahalaxmi Temple with its exquisite wood-work and the Khadga Devi Temple which comes alive once a year during the Dashain festival.
Chitwan lies south-west of Kathmandu and is one of the few undisturbed areas of the terai region, with its very flora and fauna. It is a beautiful, peaceful and highly relaxing, magnificent land. The flora and fauna of Chitwan makes it a great place for nature lovers. It has over 50 different species of birds, and 65 different types of butterflies in its hardwood Sal forests, riverine vegetation and savannah. More than 70 different species of grass grow here. The most famous wildlife in Chitwan is perhaps the last populations of single-horned Asian rhinoceros. It is also among the last refuges for the Bengal tiger. Tourists usually do the elephant safari to see the rhinoceros living in the park and do guided walks into the park. There are a number of sacred and historical sites around Chitwan which provide interesting side trips
The birthplace of "The Enlighten of Asia" Lord Buddha situated 250 km to the south west of Kathmandu. Lord Buddha was born in the garden of Nepal's Lumbini in 623 BC. In the past Lumbini had attained great civilization and prosperity and there are many evidences of visits by Kings to this pious place. One such visitor was Indian emperor Ashoka in 249 BC during his visit he erected a grand monolith with an inscription to his visit to this sacred place. Several other places near Lumbini are linked with stories connected to Buddha and Buddhism. Lumbini has many new monasteries build under the aid of different nations. Lumbini is about 300 km to the south west of Kathmandu. Bus and flight to Bhairahawa which is 22 km from Lumbini are available from major cities.
The famous temple of Muktinath is situated about 18 km north-east of Jomsom on a high mountain at an altitude of about 3,749m. This temple holds a great religious significance for both Hindu and Buddhist pilgrims. There are two ways to get to Muktinath Temple from Kathmandu either taking a direct flight or trek for a few days from Pokhara. Besides a direct chartered helicopter can also be arranged to the shrines from Pokhara, it will be just one and half an hour to complete the trip.